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5th-Century BC Philosophers: Democritus, Confucius, Leucippus, Heraclitus, Protagoras, Parmenides, Empedocles, Anaxagoras, Gorgias Books LLC

5th-Century BC Philosophers: Democritus, Confucius, Leucippus, Heraclitus, Protagoras, Parmenides, Empedocles, Anaxagoras, Gorgias

Books LLC

Published August 30th 2011
ISBN : 9781155150680
Paperback
54 pages
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 About the Book 

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 52. Chapters: Democritus, Confucius, Leucippus, Heraclitus, Protagoras, Parmenides, Empedocles, Anaxagoras,MorePlease note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 52. Chapters: Democritus, Confucius, Leucippus, Heraclitus, Protagoras, Parmenides, Empedocles, Anaxagoras, Gorgias, Zeno of Elea, Socrates, Mozi, Melissus of Samos, Diagoras of Melos, Alcmaeon of Croton, Philolaus, Hippasus, Diogenes of Apollonia, Archelaus, Chaerephon, Ion of Chios, Diotima of Mantinea, Simon the Shoemaker, Hippo, Simmias of Thebes, Xeniades, Timaeus of Locri, Cratylus, Ocellus Lucanus, Telauges, Onatas, Arignote, Lysis of Taras, Polus, Metrodorus of Lampsacus, Iccus of Taranto, Damo, Euenus, Polemarchus, Zengzi, Metrodorus of Cos. Excerpt: Socrates (Greek: , S?kr t?s- c. 469 BC-399 BC, pronounced in English) was a classical Greek Athenian philosopher. Credited as one of the founders of Western philosophy, he is an enigmatic figure known chiefly through the accounts of later classical writers, especially the writings of his students Plato and Xenophon, and the plays of his contemporary Aristophanes. Many would claim that Platos dialogues are the most comprehensive accounts of Socrates to survive from antiquity. Through his portrayal in Platos dialogues, Socrates has become renowned for his contribution to the field of ethics, and it is this Platonic Socrates who also lends his name to the concepts of Socratic irony and the Socratic method, or elenchus. The latter remains a commonly used tool in a wide range of discussions, and is a type of pedagogy in which a series of questions are asked not only to draw individual answers, but also to encourage fundamental insight into the issue at hand. It is Platos Socrates that also made important and lasting contributions to the fields of epistemology and logic, and the influence of his ideas and approach remains strong in providing a foundation for much western philosophy that followed. As one recent commentator has put it, Plato, the idealist, offers an idol, a ma...